Archives Directory for the History of Collecting in America

Archives related to: Mills, Darius O. (Darius Ogden), 1825-1910

titleRoswell Keyes Colcord papers, 1880-1939.
locationNevada State Historical Society
collection titleCorrespondence, business records, and printed materials relating to his mining and other business activities and the celebration of his one hundredth birthday in 1939. Includes documents relating to the Standard Sugar Company, a Nevada corporation of which Colcord was president and director in 1894; typed copies of letters and documents labeled "Public papers while governor"; congratulatory letters from prominent individuals including Franklin D. Roosevelt, Herbert C. Hoover, John W. Bricker, Darius O. Mills, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jr., on his one hundredth birthday; correspondence regarding his various mining pursuits; and autobiographical writings.

Biographical and Historical Note:
Governor of Nevada (1891-1895); mining interests at Virginia City and Aurora, Nev., and Bodie, Calif.
extent3 linear ft.
formatsBusiness Papers Correspondence Printed Materials Writings
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
finding aidFinding aid in the repository
updated01/28/2019 15:36:02
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titleAbram Peter Turner Elder Papers, 1890-1916 (bulk 1903-1916).
locationLibrary of Congress
collection titleCorrespondence, biographical files, business records of the National Biographical Society, illustrated materials, photographs, and other papers, relating primarily to Elder's creation and publication of biographical directories for the society. Includes research and publication materials for Charles Henry Grosvenor's Book of the presidents with biographical sketches (1902) and other biographical directories. Biographical files contain correspondence, biographical entries, clippings, printed materials, and photographs, regarding prominent local, state, and national politicians, capitalists, and philanthropists.

Individuals represented include Charles F. Chickering, W.W. Corcoran, Moody Currier, H.A. Du Pont, Mary Baker Eddy, Isaac E. Emerson, Charles W. Fairbanks, Marshall Field, Julius Fleischmann, Ulysses S. Grant II, Solomon R. Guggenheim, William Guggenheim, Edward Everett Hale, Marcus Alonzo Hana, David N. Hershey, Christian Heurich, Henry Edwards Huntington, Charles Kellogg, Henry Miles Knowles, Daniel Scott Lamont, Craige Lippincott, Nicholas Longworth, Cyrus Hall McCormick, Darius O. Mills, J. Pierpont Morgan, Levi P. Morton, Gottlieb Muhlhauser, Francis G. Newlands, George Mortimer Pullman, and Matthew Stanley Quay. Also includes material relating to sales of a directory at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition of 1915-1916. Correspondents include National Biographical Society officials Lucy S. Bahnsen, Robert E. Doan, Charles Henry Grosvenor, R.E.C. Montague, and Richard R. McMahon.

Biographical and Historical Note:
Biographer and publisher.
extent5 linear ft.
formatsBusiness Papers Correspondence Photographs Ephemera Printed Materials
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
finding aidFinding aid in the repository
acquisition informationGift of Althea Elder, 1979
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titleNational Bank of D. O. Mills and Company records, 1847-1927.
locationCalifornia State Library
collection titleWhen the California National Bank of Sacramento closed in 1931, this collection was listed among its assets. Materials in the collection had been accumulated primarily during the period when the bank was known as the National Bank of D. O. Mills and Company, hence the title of the collection. Although the collection contains many documents relating to the Bank, it is not a comprehensive archive and some corporate records are not included.

In addition, there are many items relating to the business activities of the Mills family in general and, specifically of the two Mills brothers, D. O. (Darius Ogden) and Edgar. Of particular interest are papers dealing with their involvement in early California banking, mining and railroading activities. The collection has been arranged into five series: Business papers, Estate papers, Mining papers, Railroad papers, and Transaction records. Business papers (1847-1927): Documents such as promissory notes, mortgages, indentures, deeds, partnership papers, stock holdings, and other types of financial and legal papers; some letterheads and stock certificates. Arranged by name on document(s). Of note: Abbott Orchard Co., Adams & Co., Baldwin, [E] J., Bank of California, Thomas Bell, John Bensley, John Bigler, Mary and Samuel F. Butterworth, Ralph Fretz (and W.C. Ralston), Albert Gansl, George Gordon, Alvinza Hayward, Oscar Henley, Oliver Himrod, Merchants' Exchange Assoc., Michael Miles, D.O. Mills (and Lloyd Tevis), Henry Miller. Edgar, James, and William O. Mills, James M. Monroe, North River Construction Co. (Leland Stanford), Pacific Congress Springs (Chas. E. McLane), Pacific Insurance Company, Page, Bacon & Co., Christian Rave, California Riverside Bathing Assoc. of Sacramento, Sacramento Chamber of Commerce, San Bruno Turnpike Road Company, San Francisco Pacific Sugar Company, Santa Barbara Land Tracts, William Sharon, Claus Spreckels, H. L. Stowe, Thomas Sunderland, John A. Sutter, John H. Trowbridge, University of California, H.H. Wiggins. Estate papers (1854-1903): Legal and financial documents pertaining to estates handled by the Bank, including the estate of Edgar Mills. Arranged by name of estate. Of note: Dominga Gonde Atherton, Anson Burlingham, James F. Cunningham, Ansel I. Easton, Marie Fountain, Jessie Haycock, A. Menke, Edgar and James Mills, W. C. Ralston, Christian Rave, William Ritter, S.D. Smith (Rocklin Quarry). Mining papers (1851-1915): Stock certificates, contracts, financial reports, correspondence, etc.; a 'cipher' sheet for sending coded messages; most related to D. O. or Edgar Mills.

Arranged by company name. Of note: Aurora Tunnel and Mining Co., Bear River and Auburn Water and Mining Co., Bradley Borden and Co. Canal, Crystal Quartz Mining Co., Eureka Canal Co. of Eldorado, New Idria Quicksilver Mine, Quicksilver Mining Co., Rocklin Quarry, San Juan Bautista [Quicksilver] Mine, White Pine Water Co. Railroad papers (1865-1892): Legal and financial documents related to railroad companies; most related to D. O. or Edgar Mills. Arranged by company name. Of note: Carson and Colorado Railroad Co., Central Pacific Railroad Co., Eureka and Palisade Railroad Co., Hot Springs Water Works and Railway Co., San Francisco and San Jose Rail Road Co., Southern Pacific Railroad Co., Virginia and Truckee Railroad Co., Western Pacific Railroad Co. Transaction records (1852-1922): Passbooks, checks, receipts, certificates of deposit. Arranged chronologically but unsorted.

NOTE: All names are not mentioned above -- for instance, second names on documents or individual names associated with corporations. Researchers should be prepared to survey widely in the collection. For other material on Edgar Mills and the Mills family, see The Edgar Mills papers.

Biographical and Historical Note:
D. O. (Darius Ogden) Mills came to California from New York state in 1849. He opened a store in Sacramento and, shortly thereafter, established the first banking house in California. By 1852, the Bank of D.O. Mills and Company was expanding and opened a branch in Columbia, Tuolumne County, which was managed by Mills' brother, Edgar./ The name of the bank went through several iterations over the years, including: D. O. Mills ? National Gold Bank of D. O. Mills and Company (1872-1882); National Bank of D. O. Mills and Company (1883-1912). Partners associated with the bank include the Mills brothers, James and Edgar, a cousin, E. J. Townsend (1852-1855), and Henry Miller (1855). In 1912, the bank merged with the California National Bank of Sacramento which closed in 1931.

The Mills family invested widely in the early economic development of California. Their interests included land development, farming, mining, railroads, etc. After 1873, D. O. Mills relocated to New York but continued to be widely invested in California. His brother, Edgar, remained in Sacramento and took care of the family interests until his death in 1893.
extent11 ms. boxes.
formatsBusiness Papers Personal Papers Legal Papers Financial Records
accessUnrestricted.
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titlePapers of Edgar Mills, dating from 1852-1888, bulk 1880s
locationCalifornia State Library
collection titleBusiness papers: Documents relating to real estate ventures in Menlo Park, Colusa County and San Francisco. In Menlo Park, Mills was involved in the development of a residential subdivision; documents include deeds, a plat map, financial statements. In Colusa County near Maxwell, Mills owned agricultural acreage for growing wheat; documents include financial accounts with various grain merchants and property tax statements. John Boggs, mentioned in several documents, was an early Colusa County settler and the president of the Colusa County Bank.

Mills also owned rental properties in San Francisco; documents include land titles and correspondence with C. S. Capp & Co. Real Estate Brokers and Agents. Miscellaneous financial documents refer to land in Oregon, New York stock accounts from the firm of C. A. Harden & Co, and checks drawn on the Bank of California by Mills Personal correspondence is primarily incoming, 1879-1887; correspondents include D.O. Mills, Ogden Mills, Benjamin B. Redding, Jerome Madden and Albert Gansl. As might be expected, the personal correspondence between early California's premier bankers occasionally involves financial affairs. D.O. Mills writes about the construction and leasing of his building in New York and the engagement of his son, Ogden. Ogden also writes about his engagement and honeymoon plans.

An 1882 letter from B.B. Redding and Jerome Madden, of the Central Pacific Land Office, requests Mills to use his influence in obtaining employment at the U.S. Mint for a Mrs. Kennedy, left destitute by the death of her husband. In a 1881 letter Albert Gansl, past San Francisco agent of the Rothchilds, writes about wingshooting in Buckinghamshire with Sir Nathaniel de Rothchild and an American who shot against the legendary Captain Borgardus. A thank you note, which also notes the social activities of an elite debutante, is written on mourning paper.

Biographical and Historical Note:
Edgar Mills was born in North Salem, New York, in 1828 and trained as a civil engineer. After surveying a railroad along the Hudson River, he arrived in California in 1849 and made the first surveys of the Feather and Sacramento Rivers for Samuel Brannan and John A. Sutter. Subsequently he entered the banking business with his brother D.O. (Darius Ogden) Mills, of Sacramento. In 1852, with brother James Mills, he established a branch of the Sacramento Bank in Columbia, Tuolumne County.

When James died in 1856 the Tuolumne County bank was sold, and Edgar temporarily retired. He later returned to the Sacramento Bank and took charge of it while D.O. Mills was associated with the Bank of California. After D.O. Mills relocated to New York in 1873, Edgar remained in California, overseeing the family businesses. In addition to banking, Edgar's business dealings involved commercial land development and several railroad ventures. He spent the latter part of his life in San Francisco, where he died on January 10, 1893. He was survived by a son, Edgar Mills, Jr., and two daughters, Adeline and Florence.
extent1 ms. box (ca. 120 items)
formatsBusiness Papers Financial Records Legal Papers Personal Papers Writings
accessUnrestricted.
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titleBusiness papers of Faxon Dean Atherton: ALS, mss, 1852-1934 (bulk 1852-1881)
locationUniversity of California, Berkeley
collection titleBusiness letters to Atherton are primarily from his partner and friend George H. Bowen, his San Francisco agent Alexander B. Grogan, and Samuel D. Crane, among others.

Most Bowen letters were written from Valparaiso but others are from Europe and San Francisco and report to Atherton on business and trade prospects. A letter from San Francisco describes the area and discusses mines, farming and ranching, fires in Sacramento, San Francisco, and Marysville, commodities such as flour, oil and lumber, and working with Grogan on Atherton's affairs. Other Bowen letters from Valparaiso to Atherton in San Francisco discuss business, politics, economics, and other aspects of life in Chile, other South American topics, and family. Bowen's letters often mention transportation including shipping (ships and captains) and mail. Some letters mention dealings with Chas.

Loring in Boston. Grogan's letters (some signed Grogan & Lent) relate to Atherton's business and legal affairs in San Francisco and Europe, including real estate transactions. He also mentions financial deals with Castro at Rancho San Lorenzo. Also includes miscellaneous letters to Atherton, financial documents, and real estate documents.

Business letters to George W. Gibson are primarily from A.K.P. Harmon in Boston and the Sacramento banking firm of D.O. Mills and Co. Harmon letters pertain to Gibson's business (a shoe store?), supplying goods, business in Boston, and mutual friends. D.O. Mills & Co. letters and statements relate to their management of Gibson's California business affairs in his absence and include California news, reports of gold in the Frazer river, reports of the dull business climate in Sacramento, transaction summaries, and other financial updates.

Note from dealer's catalog: Archival material from the collection of John D. Gilchriese.
extent1 box (.4 linear ft.)
formatsBusiness Papers Correspondence Financial Records Notes
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titlePhotographs of the Darius O. Mills residence [graphic], ca. 1880
locationUniversity of California, Berkeley
collection titleTitle supplied by cataloger.
Photographers unidentified. Attributed to C.E. Watkins.

Photos show interiors (including decor and furniture) and the conservatory at the Darius O. Mills residence, presumably in Millbrae, Calif.
extent3 photographic prints : albumen ; mounts 70 x 56 cm.
formatsPhotographs
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titleHenry M. Yerington papers, 1864-1950.
locationUniversity of California, Berkeley
collection titleThe bound volumes are chiefly letterpress copies of letters sent, 1872-1910 (with some gaps) There are 27 v. of general business correspondence, including many letters to D.O. Mills, principal owner of most of the businesses in which Yerington was associated, and to the outstanding Nevada political figures of the time.

Other volumes are primarily concerned with affairs of various companies (see below) Two letterbooks, 1896-1914, contain letters by a son, E.B. Yerington, who was General Freight and Passenger Agent for the V & T and the C & C. One volume of shipping notices, 1899-1914, and three letterbooks, 1883-1890, reflect the affairs of another son, Hume Yerington, who as General Purchasing and Supply Agent for the two railroads.

The unbound papers consist of approximately 4,600 items, of which a few are personal papers, family letters, and obituary clippings. Letters received, 1864-1950, for the most part are concerned with affairs of the V & T and the C & C railroads, but reflect other business interests.

Records concern companies in which Yerington was interested: Belvidere Mining Company, Bodie & Benton Railway and Commercial Company, Bodie Hydraulic Mining and Water Company, Carson & Tahoe Lumber and Fluming Company, Central Consolidated Mining Company, Consolidated Esmeralda Mines Company, Dudley Mining Company, El Dorado Wood and Flume Company, Inyo Development Company, Juniata Consoldiated Mining Company, Jupiter Mining Company, Lake Tahoe Railway and Transportation Company, Natural Soda Company Limited, Real del Monte Mining Company, Savage Mining Company, Sierra Nevada Wood and Lumber Company, Southern Development Company, Sterling Mine, Syndicate Mining Company, Tioga Consolidated Mining Company, Union Mill and Mining Company, United Alkai Company Limited, Walker Lake & Bodie Toll Road Company, and Walker Lake Wood and Lumber Company.
extent46 v., 4 cartons, and 1 box.
formatsBusiness Papers Correspondence Personal Papers Clippings Ephemera
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
finding aidFinding aid available.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titlePhotographic portraits of prominent Californians and visitors to San Francisco, Calif., 1871-1876 [graphic].
locationChicago History Museum
collection titleTitle supplied by cataloger.

Mounts include the studio addresses: 26 Montgomery Street, opposite Lick House, San Francisco; 22 and 26 Montgomery Street, opposite Lick House, San Francisco.

Two photos each of Louis Agassiz and William O'Brien have J.T. Cook imprint on mount (Watkins lost his gallery to Cook, ca. 1875-6).
William Cullen Bryant photo is of an etching of Bryant.

Portraits of well-known San Franciscans and other prominent people who came through San Francisco, ca. 1871-1876. Included are portraits of Andrew Hallidie, Darius Ogden Mills, William C. Ralston, William O' Brien, George Davidson, Horatio Stebbins, and Tomomi Iwakura. There are three photos of Louis Agassiz and a few photos of the other scientists on the Hassler Expedition, 1872. Many artists are represented, including Albert Bierstadt, Samuel Marsden Brookes, James Walker, and Hiram Reynolds Bloomer.
extent43 photographic prints (cabinet cards) : b&w ; 16 x 11 cm.
formatsPhotographs
accessRESTRICTED PHOTOGRAPHS: Permission of photo archivist required.
record sourcehttp://www.chsmedia.org
finding aidDescriptive guide available in library.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titleReid family papers , 1795 - 1970 (bulk 1869 - 1970 )
locationLibrary of Congress
collection titleJournalists and newspaper publishers. Correspondence, financial records, office files, household and estate records, subject files, scrapbooks, printed matter, and miscellaneous papers related to newspaper publishing and public affairs.
extent340 linear feet
formatsMicrofilm Correspondence Financial Records Legal Papers Scrapbooks
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record linkhttp://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/faidfrquery/r?faid/faidfr:@field(SOURCE+@band(reid+family))
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
finding aidIn repository and on the repository's web site.
acquisition informationThe Papers of the Reid family, journalists and newspaper publishers, were given to the Library of Congress by Helen Rogers Reid and her sons, Whitelaw Reid and Ogden R. Reid, between 1953 and 1987. Transfers: Some photographs and photographic albums have been transferred to the Library's Print and Photographs Division here they are identified as part of these papers.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
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titleJosiah Belden papers, 1832-1903.
locationUniversity of California, Berkeley
collection titleMainly concerning his business, property and mining interests. Included also are diaries of travels in Europe, the Eastern Mediterrnaean area and Alaska; incomplete reminiscence of Bartleson Party's overland journey; and papers for the settlement of Belden's estate. Carton 1: vols. 1-17; Carton 2: vols. 18-24.

This collection of Belden's papers was a gift to the Bancroft Library from Clyde Arbuckle in January, 1963. A few items from other sources (so noted, including the T. W. Norris Collection) have been added. Photocopy of letter from Charles J. Belden to Mr. Arbuckle has been placed in Box I. Portraits cataloged as portraits 14772-14774.

Biograpahical Note

Josiah Belden, born in Connecticut of 17th century colonist stock, was a member of the first planned emigrant party to cross the plains to California. A member of the Bartleson Party, Belden left Missouri early in May and arrived in California, after considerable hardship, in November, 1841. Settling first in the Santa Cruz area, where he managed a store for Thomas O. Larkin, Belden also operated a small store in Monterey. Upon acquiring Mexican citizenship he received a grant of land, the Barranca Colorado, on the upper Sacramento River, which he later sold to William B. Ide.

In about 1846 Belden managed a store in Yerba Buena for Captain John Paty, later was associated with William Heath Davis, and in 1847 established a store in San Jose in silent partnership with Henry Mellus and William D. M. Howard. With the gold excitement this enterprise first languished as the inhabitants left for the mines, but prospered greatly as they returned with gold to spend, and new residents also came to the town. Belden retired from this operation in 1849, about the time he married Sarah Margaret, daughter of Zachariah Jones, an 1846 arrival in California. They continued to live in San Jose where Belden took an active part in civic affairs and property development until 1881, when they moved to New York City where Belden died in 1892.

By astute investment, including San Francisco real estate, Belden became a wealthy man for his times. The papers reflect his merchandising operations, particularly his association with Mellus and Howard, and some of his investments, including the San Francisco property. He was interested in quicksilver mines, particularly the New Almaden and the Guadalupe, and in mining property in Mexico. The accounts contain many names and signatures of the early pioneers. Unfortunately, there is not much correspondence. Diaries kept by Belden and Mrs. Belden on their travels to Europe, the Eastern Mediterranean area and to Alaska are included. Also, papers for the settlement of Belden's estate and a copy of Mrs. Belden's will are with the papers.
extent 24 v. in 2 cartons and 3 boxes (3.75 linear ft.).
formatsCorrespondence Legal Papers Ephemera
accessCollection is open for research.
record linkhttp://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf167n98g2
record sourcehttp://www.loc.gov/coll/nucmc/
finding aidFinding aid available in the library and online.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:59
....................................................................


titleDaniel Huntington Study Portrait Collection, ca. 1870-1890
locationThe New-York Historical Society
collection titleTwo years after Daniel Huntington's death, his son Charles Richards Huntington (1847-1915) presented the New-York Historical Society with a collection of 141 portrait photographs used by his father "for his study of the subjects painted by him."

Each of the men (and the single woman, Mary McCrea Stuart) in the collection is represented by one or more portrait photographs which had been blown-up to life-size dimensions, sometimes made from a previously existing negative or one made of an earlier photograph. In the case of sitters who died before the advent of paper photography, images were taken from daguerreotypes. The enlargements were mounted on a stiff paperboard and roughly trimmed almost to the shape of the subject's head.

Each of the portraits has the sitter's surname in pencil on the verso; some have a shorthand clue to an occupation, profession, title, or institutional affiliation. These annotations, if contemporary to Huntington or his son, have been transcribed in the box and folder list that follows.

Many of the photographs have a puncture at their top, most likely from the nail Huntington used to tack them up in view of his easel.

The sitters are familiar to students of nineteenth-century New York: they include prominent bankers, merchants, industrialists, educators, financiers, generals, lawyers, judges, politicians, government officials, and men of the cloth.

The photographs are generally not dated. Several note that they were made from daguerreotypes and a few mention particular photographers, or are mounted on the backs of printed boards from photographers' studios.

The images that are dated range from the 1870s (Henry Potter) to the 1890s (Kelly, Gracie, Schurz, and Sheldon). Photographers mentioned are Bogardus (Adams, Arthur) and Sarony (Tilden), with one annotated by Huntington as having been taken in his studio (Sherman). Eight of the portraits are mounted on the verso of stamped boards from the Rockwood Studio (Brown, Gracie, Johnston, Henry Potter, Taft, and Weir) or Kurtz (Dodge Sr. and Hostetter) in New York.

In addition, the portrait of Henry Codman Potter is mounted on the verso of a large photograph of Calvary Baptist Church, on West Twenty-third Street.

Oil portraits of these sitters are now in the New York Chamber of Commerce Collection at the New York State Museum, the Smithsonian Institution, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the American Museum of Natural History, New York Public Library, Harvard University, Vassar College, and West Point Museum, among other institutions.

The New-York Historical Society owns more than twenty portraits painted by Huntington. Other portraits remain in private collections, including those of social clubs, hospitals, corporations, and the families who commissioned them from the artist.

Biographical Note
Daniel Huntington (1814-1906) was educated at Hamilton College. He studied panting with Samuel Morse and Henry Inman in New York City. He primarily painted portraits and landscapes. Huntington was president of the National Academy of Design, and Vice-President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Preferred Citation
This collection should be cited as: Daniel Huntington Study Portrait Photographs, PR 256, Department of Prints, Photogaphs, and Architectural Collections, The New-York Historical Society.

Call Phrase: PR 256
extent0.42 Linear feet (141 photographs, 12 folders)
formatsPhotographs
accessOpen to qualified researchers
record sourcehttp://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/nyhs/huntington.html#c-e1160
acquisition informationGift of Charles R. Huntington, April 9, 1908.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:14
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