Archives Directory for the History of Collecting in America

Archives related to: Fleischman, Lawrence A. (Lawrence Arthur), 1925-1997

titleLawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1863-1970.
locationArchives of American Art
collection titleLetters, correspondence files, photographs, printed material, and exhibition catalogs reflecting the Fleischmans' interests and art activities as collectors of American art.

REELS D8, D9, D10 and D197: Letters to Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman from various American artists and prominent art figures, among them: Ivan Le Lorraine Albright, Peter Aldor, Truman Bailey, Leonard Baskin, Jack Baur, Isabel Bishop, Maurice Bloch, Carl Bode, Aaron Bohrod, Theodore Bolton, Louise Bouche, Charles Bregler (re: Thomas Eakins), Charles Burchfield, William Campbell, John Canaday, Frederico Castellon, R.J. Charleston, Paul Chew, Perry Cott, Bartlett Cowdrey, Charles B. Culver, Edward D'Arms, Louisa Dresser, Edward Dwight, William Eisendrath, Jimmy Ernst, Philip Evergood, Lyonel Feininger, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, Joseph T. Fraser, Esther Gentle, Frank Getlein, Lloyd Goodrich, Richard Gregg, George Grosz, Robert Beverly Hale, G. Suart Hodge, Edward Hopper, Sam Hunter, William H. Hunter, Rosalind Irvine, Ben Kamihira, Karl Katz, James Kearns, Earl Krentzin, Allen Leapa, Virginia Lewis, Richard Lippold, Henri Marceau, John Marin, Reginald Marsh, Porter McCray, Walter Midener, John Paul Miller, Walter Murch, Alejandro Obregon, Martir Olaya, Guy Palazzola, Peter Paone, Wilbur Peat, William Pierson, Abraham Rattner, Ruth Reeves, E.P. and Constance Richardson, Reuven Rubin, Anna Rutledge, Eero Saarinen, Charles and Barbara Coleman Sellers, Ben Shahn, Jean Paul Slusser, Richard Tucker, John Walker, Ida Watkins, Franklin C. Watkins, Allen S. Weller, Otto Witman, William Zorach and others; and letters from Elizabeth Field Bard Wood (Mrs.Charles Erskine Scott Wood), 1953, concerning a painting, The Story of the Cross, by Albert Pinkham Ryder, which belonged to Mrs. Wood. Also included is one letter from "Aunt Harriet" and two letters to Mary Jane Peale.

REEL 3646: A letter from Joseph Cornell to Fleischman, January 1965, and a blank postcard.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence files relating to the Fleischman's art collection and other correspondence; photographs of works of art in the Fleischman collection; catalogs of exhibitions of paintings owned by the Fleischmans; clippings; printed material; and a book, American Painting: 1760-1960.

Letters to the Fleischmans, ca. 1953-1984, concerning their art collection, Lawrence Fleischman's retirement from the Board at the Archives of American Art in 1966, his work as an art dealer, and other art related affairs. Among the frequent correspondents are artists Charles Burchfield (mostly photocopies), Abraham Rattner, and Franklin C. Watkins, and art historian and co-founder with Fleischman of the Archives of American Art, E. P. Richardson. Other, less frequent correspondents include Raphael Soyer, Alfred Frankenstein, Ivan Albright, Carol Plochmann, Philip McCracken, Peter Pollack, and Charles Coleman Sellers. Included is an album containing 13 letters to the Fleischmans from various artists represented in their collection, presented to Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman, August 4, 1956 by William and Eleanor Poplack and Alan and Marianne Schwartz, who solicited the letters. Artists (and spouses) include Philip Evergood, Jacques Lipschitz, Edward Hopper, Franklin Watkins, Bertha and Charles Birchfield, Abraham and Esther Rattner, Hughie Lee-Smith, Guy Palazzola, Charles and Florence Culver, Constance Richardson, Alice and Sarkis Sarkisian and Walter Midener. Also found is a certificate from the Common Council of the City of Detroit Resolution honoring Lawrence A. Fleischman for his contribution and commitment to the arts in Detroit and throughout the world, April 29, 1958.

REEL 439 AND SCANNED: Three photographs, one of Grace Bailey, Truman Bailey, and Thomas Eakins, which were all previously microfilmed under Photos of Artists I, have subsequently been scanned and returned to the Fleischman papers.
extent3.7 linear ft. (partially microfilmed on 5 microfilm reels) reels D8, D9, D10, D197, and 3646
formatsPhotographs Exhibition Catalogs
accessUse of unmicrofilmed materials requires an appointment. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm copy.
record sourcehttp://www.siris.si.edu/
acquisition informationOriginals returned to lender, Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Fleischman, after microfilming. Majority of the letters subsequently donated in 2007 Complete list of letters donated available.
updated01/28/2019 15:36:05
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titleOral history interview with Lawrence A. Fleischman, 1970 Feb. 28-Mar. 9.
locationArchives of American Art
collection titleAn interview of Lawrence A. Fleischman conducted by Paul Cummings for the Archives of American Art.

He discusses a show of American Art in Russia; international reactions to American Art; working for the United States Information Agency; art in the White House; the expansion of the Detroit Institute of Art.He gives his opnion on the state of collecting and dealing; on different approaches to dealing; the academic world.He discusses Ivan Albright,John Baur,Mrs.Edsel Ford,Lloyd Goodrich,Edith Halpert,John Marin,Edgar P.Richardson,Ted Richardson, George Schreiber,Ben Shan,Franklin Watkins,Bill Woolfenden and others.
formatsSound Recording
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
bibliographyhttp://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/oralhistories/transcripts/fleisc70.htm transcript
record sourcehttp://www.siris.si.edu/
acquisition informationThis interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:49
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titleOral History interview with Lawrence A. Fleischman, 1994 Apr. 18.
locationArchives of American Art
collection titleAn interview of Lawrence A. Fleischman conducted1994 Apr. 18, by Gail Stavitsky for the Archives of American Art.

Fleischman discusses his involvement with the British Museum, his personal collection of ancient art, his co-founding of the Archives of American Art and the American Art Journal, and his decision to become an art dealer. He gives his assessment of changes in the American art world since the early seventies, noting the rise of prices for American art, the entry of greater numbers of women artists and scholars into the art world, and changes to the structure of major museums. He reminisces about E. P. Richardson, Ben Shahn, and Stuart Davis, as well as other dealers and artists.
formatsSound Recording
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
bibliographyhttp://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/oralhistories/transcripts/fleisc94.htm transcript
record sourcehttp://www.siris.si.edu/
acquisition informationThis interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview was provided by the Art Dealers Association of America.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:49
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titleCharles Burchfield letters to Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman, 1953-1956.
locationArchives of American Art
collection titleBurchfield describes the circumstances surrounding his painting "Black Iron," which he has sold and is shipping to the Fleischmans in letters dated February 15 and March 17, 1953. In a letter of June 15, 1956, Burchfield thanks Mrs. Fleischman for her continued support, and invites her and Mr. Fleischman to visit.

Bio / His Notes: Painter; West Seneca, N.Y. The Fleischmans were Detroit art patrons and collectors.
extent3 items (on partial microfilm reel)
formatsMicrofilm Correspondence
accessPatrons must use microfilm copy.
record sourcehttp://www.siris.si.edu/
acquisition informationDonated by Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Fleischman. Reproduction: March 17 1953 letter: is a photocopy. Location of Original: March 17 1953 letter: location of original unknown.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:13
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titleE.P. (Edgar Preston) Richardson papers, 1893-1994.
locationArchives of American Art
collection titleCorrespondence, writings, diaries, research files, notes, photographs, and clippings.

UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence with artists, collectors, colleagues, dealers, foreign scholars, and others relating to the Detroit Institute of Arts, Winterthur Museum, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, publishing, purchasing works of art, writings, teaching art history, awards, resignations, and other topics; a diary, 1942-1980; files on Winterthur, PAFA, NCFA, NPG, Marshall Fredericks, Jacob Eichholtz, Washington Allston, Charles Wilson Peale, and the Peale family; lectures, articles and other writings; artist-subject files; notebooks on many subjects; and bibliographies.
Among the more extensive correspondents are Wayne Andrews, Siegfried Aram, Julian P. Boyd, John (Giovanni) Castano, Charles Culver, Lawrence Fleischman, James Thomas Flexner, Alfred Frankenstein, George C. Groce, Walter Heil, Earl Krentzin, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Russell Lynes, John Francis McDermott, Ulrich Middeldorf, John D. Morse, Liselotte Moser, Andrew Oliver, J. Hall Pleasants, Anna Wells Rutledge, Charles Coleman Sellers, S. Dillon Ripley, Regina Soria, Victor D. Spark, William B. Stevens, Jr., William R. Valentiner, Robert C. Vose, Jr., Franklin C. Watkins, William E. Woolfenden, and Andrew Wyeth.

REEL D46 (fr. 372-456): Research material on Jeremiah P. Hardy and other Maine artists, including an article on Hardy by Fannie Hardy Eckstorm, Hardy's grand-niece; a book LEAFLETS of ARTISTS, 1893; a newspaper clipping on Hardy and other family members, 1940; and three photographs, one of Hardy (engraving found in the leaflet), a photograph of a painting of his sister Mary Ann, and one of a landscape.

ADDITION: Material relating to Richardson's private art collection. Also included are printed material, photographs and negatives primarily of works of art relating to Richardson's career as a painter (2.0 linear ft.).
extent40.2 linear ft., Addition: 2.0 linear ft., J.P. Hardy material: 1 microfilm reel.
formatsCorrespondence Diaries Writings Notes Photographs
accessMicrofilmed portion must be consulted on microfilm (J.P. Hardy material). Use of unmicrofilmed material requires an appointment. J.D. Rockefeller III files: SEALED; no access until 2010 Jan.1.
record sourcehttp://www.siris.si.edu/
finding aidUnmicrofilmed: Finding aid available at AAA offices.
acquisition informationMicrofilmed material originally donated 1961 by E. P. Richardson, and later transferred to NMAA/PG Library after microfilming; unfilmed material donated 1985 and 2003 by Constance Richardson, widow of Edgar P. Richardson.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:13
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titleArchives of American Art Records, 1954-1985, with related records from 1917.
locationArchives of American Art
collection titleRecords include correspondence of Edgar P. Richardson, the first Director, 1954-1964; his successor, William E. Woolfenden, 1964-1983; Richard N. Murray, 1983- , and other staff members; minutes and records of the Board of Trustees; financial records; manuscripts, correspondence, and other records of the Archives of American Art Journal; and files of various projects in which the Archives participated.

These include the correspondence of Sandra Curtis Levy, area director for the Texas project, 1979-1985; correspondence of Sharyn Udall, AAA representative, about the Southwest Project, 1969-1975; correspondence of Paul Cummings, Boston area office; and records related to the Treasury Relief Art Project and other Depression-era relief programs for artists, surveyed and filmed in 1963-1964. Correspondents include William E. Woolfenden, Edgar P. Richardson, Garnett McCoy, Sharyn Udall, Sandra J. Levy, Paul Cumming, Richard J. Nicastro, Sylvia Loomis, Gilbert H. Kinney, Regina Soria, and Eloise Spaeth.

Bio / His Notes:
The Archives of American Art (AAA) was founded as an independent non-profit corporation in 1954. Edgar P. Richardson, then Director of the Detroit Institute of Arts, and businessman and art collector Lawrence Fleishman were its founders.

AAA originally focused on collecting and microfilming information documenting artists' lives and careers as reflected in the records of museums, galleries, family members, and collectors. Subsequently the Archives broadened its interests to include the visual arts in America from the eighteenth century to the present day.

From its founding in 1954 until 1960 the AAA operated from Detroit, headquartered at the Detroit Institute of Arts, but independently supported by gifts and grants. In 1960 the Archives moved its headquarters to New York City, retaining an office in Detroit.

In 1963 the AAA opened a field office in Rome in order to tap the records of American artists' work in Rome and in Italy generally. In 1970 the AAA became a bureau of the Smithsonian Institution. In 1970-1971 field offices were established in Boston and San Francisco, and in 1984 in San Marino, California.

Edgar Richardson, the first Director, had many other commitments, especially to his work at Winterthur Museum in Delaware. Increasingly, most duties fell to the Assistant Director, William E. Woolfenden, who served in that capacity from 1960 until 1964, when he officially became Director. Woolfenden remained Director until 1983, when he was succeeded by Richard N. Murray.
extent6.56 linear meters.
formatsAdministrative Records Business Papers Correspondence Financial Records Subject Files
accessBoxes 3-6 contain materials restricted indefinitely; see finding aid; Contact reference staff for details.
record linkhttp://siarchives.si.edu/findingaids/FARU0401.htm
record sourcehttp://www.siris.si.edu/
finding aidOnline and in repository.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:13
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