Archives Directory for the History of Collecting in America

Archives related to: Huntington, Anna Hyatt, 1876-1973

titleHuntington Estate Papers, 1955-1976
repositorySyracuse University Libraries
descriptionThe Huntington Estate Papers consist primarily of legal and financial papers relating to the businesses and estates of Collis P. Huntington and his wife Arabella, and their son Archer Milton Huntingon and his wife Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington. The material includes bank statements, bills, correspondence, litigation documents, receipts, taxes, trust documents, wills, and similar material.

Biographical History
The Huntington family were businessmen, art collectors, and philanthropists in early 20th century New York. Collis P. Huntington was a railroad builder and financier; he and his wife Arabella Duval Huntington collected art and supported various charities. Their son, Archer Milton Huntington, was an American philanthropist and poet and together with his wife, noted sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington, became an enthusiastic patron of the arts.

extent12 linear ft.
formatsEstate Papers Financial Papers Legal Papers Inventories
accessThere are no access restrictions on this material.
record link
record source
acquisition informationGift of Anna Hyatt Huntington.
updated03/16/2023 10:29:55

titleAnna Hyatt Huntington Papers, 1876-1973.
repositorySyracuse University Libraries
descriptionThe Anna Hyatt Huntington Papers include art files, original artwork, biographical material, correspondence-subject files, financial-legal files, memorabilia, photographs, printed material, reference files, and a few writings by others.

Art files contains material relating to Mrs. Huntington's art -- transport, insurance, research material, copyright information, correspondence with bronze foundries, lists of exhibitions, and similar material.

Artwork (original) consists of a few items by Anna (a medal and some sketches) and original artwork by others, primarily sketches, drawings, watercolors, and so on. Original artwork sent with correspondence was kept with it and may be found in the correspondence-subject files under the surname of the correspondent.

Biographical material contains material on the Beebe, Huntington, Hyatt, Mayor, Reynolds, and Vaughn families. (See also Related material, below).

Correspondence-subject files consists of correspondence with, and material related to, various individuals and organizations. The correspondence of Anna's husband, Archer Milton Huntington, has been merged into this series. The files include artists, authors, gallery owners, friends and family, as well as notes from visitors to Brookgreen; art galleries, museums, schools, cities, societies, charities, and so on; and topics ranging from blueprints to maps. Of particular interest in this series are Anna's extensive correspondence with her mother, Audella Hyatt (4 boxes spanning forty years), and her sister, Harriet Hyatt Mayor (2 boxes spanning 60 years). Included also is material relating to Brookgreen Gardens (6 boxes, including annual reports, bank statements, cash statements, a deed, inventories, minutes, photographs, reports, and other material) and the Hispanic Society of America (3 boxes). The 11 boxes of Scottish deerhound material reflect Anna's intense interest in the breed.

Financial-legal files includes bank statements, files on trusts and deeds of gift, and Archer Milton Huntington's financial notebooks; some papers relate to Brookgreen and the Hispanic Society of America, and there are some legal papers relating to Collis P. Huntington's adopted daughter (therefore Archer's adoptive sister) Clara Hatzfeldt.

Memorabilia is extensive and comprises address books, awards and certificates, daily calendars for nearly fifty years, Anna's own diaries (39 volumes covering 1925-1965), membership cards, passports, plaques, more than 25 scrapbooks, and secretary's diaries (1934-1945). Miscellaneous items include Mrs. Huntington's honorary degree from the University of South Carolina and a beautiful framed decree of honorary citizenship from Valencia, Spain.

Photographs includes photographs of artwork (primarily Mrs. Huntington's but a few of others); exhibits; family members and friends; family property (Atalaya, Rocas, Stanerigg, various New York houses); and miscellaneous people (Francisco Franco, Jose Simeon Canas, Robert Peary) and places (Africa, Monaco, Spain, New Orleans, Nashville). Also included here are negatives, slides, photoplates (metal plates affixed to wooden blocks) and three 16mm films. Some correspondence-subject files also contain photographs; these are noted in the inventory below. Of particular interest, in Box 93, is a photograph of a sculpture of a boy and a dog which is annotated on the back as "Anna V. Hyatt and Harriet Randolph Hyatt, only piece done together." According to several sources, this collaboration was Anna's first piece, and its acceptance for exhibition and subsequent purchase encouraged her to give up the violin and turn her talents to sculpture.

Printed material consists of articles (about Anna, about family members, about others); books (about Anna, about others, and one by Archer), clippings (about Anna, about family members, about others); exhibit catalogs; press releases; and miscellaneous advertisements, fliers, magazines, pamphlets, programs, and so on. A few of the magazines are in French or Spanish.

Anna's Reference files contain vast numbers of clippings, photographs, books, and magazines used by Anna as reference for her sculptures.

Writings of others contains typescripts and manuscripts of articles, books, essays, poems, and other pieces. The bulk of the material is that of Emile Schaub-Koch, a French art critic who wrote extensively about Anna and her work. There are also a few poems by Archer Milton Huntington. Some correspondence-subject files also contain original poems, essays, or other writings; these are noted in the inventory below.

Deerhounds (1902-1957, 5 Boxes) were a long-time hobby of Mrs. Huntington. In the early 1930's, she became interested in introducing the breed of Scottish deerhounds into the United States. She maintained extensive kennels, bred the dogs, and showed them nationally. Her dogs won many championships, and her kennels remained active until the 1950's. This series includes subject files (American Kennel Club material, Deerhound Club information, extensive records of Mrs. Huntington's kennels, scrapbooks, and other material) and published material (magazine articles and clippings about deerhounds and publicity material relating to the kennels).

In the interests of space, throughout the inventory Mrs. Huntington is referred to as "AHH."

Biographical History
Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington (1876-1973) was an award-winning American sculptor, best known for her animal pieces and her large equestrian statues.

Born in Cambridge, Mass. on March 10, 1876, the daughter of noted palaeontologist, naturalist, and Harvard professor, Alpheus Hyatt, she had planned to become a concert violinist but was encouraged by her sister to try sculpture. She studied briefly under H.E. Kitsen of Boston, and in the Art Students' League in New York, and received valuable criticism from Gustav Borglum. Other artists with whom she studied include Hermon Atkins MacNeil, George Grey Barnard, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, and Malvina Hoffman.

As early as 1898 she began to exhibit her work and by 1906 had established a reputation as a fine sculptor of animals. She lived in Europe from 1906 to 1908 and again in 1910 when she won an honorable mention for her plaster model of Joan of Arc. She then returned to America where she executed many commissions, several of monumental size, such as the Joan of Arc which was placed along Riverside Drive in New York City.

In 1923 she became the second wife of Archer Milton Huntington, adopted son of Collis P. Huntington who founded the Southern Pacific Railroad. Archer Huntington was vitally interested in art, particularly Spanish art and culture; he encouraged his wife's work and she came to share his love for Spain and its people. Despite a lengthy bout with tuberculosis beginning in 1927, Anna continued to actively produce and show her work after their marriage. In 1937 the Huntingtons moved from New York City to Haverstraw, New York to an estate they called "Rocas," and then in 1940 to an estate and farm near Bethel, Connecticut, which they called "Stanerigg." Here Mrs. Huntington became interested in owning and breeding Scottish deerhounds and her kennel at Stanerigg produced a number of award-winning dogs, but her main focus was always her art. She continued to sculpt and produce fine pieces until illness forced her to stop in 1972, and she died shortly thereafter in 1973.

Sculptors Marjorie Jay Daingerfield and Katherine Ward Lane Weems both studied with her, and she was the friend and collaborator of sculptor Abastenia St. Leger Eberle (whom she affectionately called "Stennie") and a colleague of artist Elizabeth Norton.

Particularly well-known are Mrs. Huntington's heroic equestrian statues. These include El Cid (several locations including the Hispanic Society of America in New York and Seville, Spain), Young Andrew Jackson (Andrew Jackson State Park, Lancaster, South Carolina), General Israel Putnam (Putnam Memorial Park, Redding, Connecticut), and The Torchbearers (Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid). Her last major equestrian piece was a statue of Cuban nationalist José Martí, which stands in New York's Central Park; the piece was begun in the mid 1950s but due to the United States' difficult relations with Cuba it was not unveiled until 1965.

Mrs. Huntington was an active member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the National Academy of Design, and the National Sculpture Society, and gave generously to numerous museums, charities and civic organizations. With her husband, she founded Brookgreen Gardens in South Carolina, a state preserve and sculpture garden, and the Mariner's Museum in Newport News, Virginia; the couple also donated 15,000 acres of forestland in the central Adirondacks to the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF). Mr. Huntington founded the Hispanic Society and Museum in New York City, and Anna also actively supported this organization.

Mrs. Huntington received numerous awards and honors over her career, among them a silver medal at the San Francisco Exposition in 1915, a gold medal in Philadelphia in 1917, and the Saltus Gold Medal from the National Academy of Design.

She became a Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur in 1933, was named "Woman of the Americas" in 1958, and on her ninetieth birthday she received greetings from friends, fellow artists, and admirers worldwide. Her sculpture is in the permanent collections of more than 200 museums across the United States as well as overseas.

extent90 linear ft.
formatsCorrespondence Diaries Clippings Exhibition Catalogs Manuscript
accessThe majority of our archival and manuscript collections are housed offsite and require advanced notice for retrieval. Researchers are encouraged to contact us in advance concerning the collection material they wish to access for their research.
record link
record source
finding aidPublished on the website for the Special Collections Research Center, Libraries, Syracuse University,
acquisition informationGift of Anna Hyatt Huntington.
updated04/29/2018 14:13:23

titleAnna Hyatt-Huntington interview, [ca. 1964].
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionAn interview of Anna Hyatt-Huntington conducted by Dorothy Seckler for the Archives of American Art. Hyatt-Huntington speaks of having no formal art training; studying animals and their anatomy; first piece with her sister; Balchalx Circus; New York at age 24 sculpting and selling pieces; her stays in France and Naples; use of old Daubigny studio; sources of animals for models; New York studio; methods of work; process of enlarging pieces; period of illness; her marriage to Archer Huntington; sculptures, "Joan of Arc," "Don Quixote," "Touch of Arrow," "Lion"; realism in her work; travels in Spain, North Africa; and Thomas W. Lawson, Archer Huntington, and Brookgreen Gardens.
extentSound recording: 1 sound tape ; 5 in. Transcript: 53 p.
formatsSound Recording Transcript Online Transcript
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record source
finding aidOnline transcript
acquisition informationThis interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:51

titleAnna Hyatt-Huntington papers, 1902-1967.
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionSummary: Correspondence; photographs; manuscripts; exhibition catalog; clippings; and printed material.

REEL 3890: Business letters, bills, receipts and shipping records, 1902-1923, concerning the casting of Huntington's sculptural works.

REEL 3891: Ten letters; 3 manuscripts, consisting of "Anna Hyatt Huntington, Sculpteur de la Vie" by Emile Schaub-Koch, "Sybil Ludington and Her Historic Ride" by Rosetta Bohnert, and "Anna Hyatt Huntington and Her Sculptural Work" by Dr. Rosaura Garcia Tuduri; six photographs of Huntington; a photograph of a painting of Huntington by Herbert Bohnert; 182 photographs of works of art by Huntington; miscellaneous photographs including one showing Huntington's exhibition at the Hispanic Society, 1958; clippings; an exhibition catalog from the American Academy of Arts and Letters; a copy of ANNA HYATT HUNTINGTON AND THE HINDU PEOPLE by Emile Schaub-Koch, 1960; and printed material.
extent0.8 linear ft. (on 2 microfilm reels) reels 3890-3891
accessPatrons must use microfilm copy.
record source
acquisition informationMaterial on reel 3890 donated 1976 by A. Hyatt Mayor, material on reel 3891 transfered 1979 by the National Collection of Fine Arts Library to the Archives of American Art.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:51

titleEdward Fenno Hoffman papers, 1947-1985.
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionCorrespondence, undated and 1947-1985, regarding sculpture commissions, sales, and expenses. Among the correspondents are Edmond Amateis, Edward Grove, Anna Hyatt Huntington, William Thorn Kissel, Jr., and John Paul Manship. Also included is a typescript of an article by Hoffman, "Traditional Sculpture: Timeless Imprints," 1980; his notes; list of his works which was prepared for the INVENTORY OF ART IN PUBLIC PLACES IN THE UNITED STATES; exhibition catalogs, 1963-1984; printed materials; and 6 photographs sent as enclosures.

Bio / His Notes:
Sculptor; Bryn Mawr, Pa. d. 1991
extent0.6 linear ft.
accessUnmicrofilmed: use requires an appointment and is limited to Washington, D.C. storage facility.
record source
acquisition informationDonated 1979-1986 by Edward Fenno Hoffman.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:51

titleA. Hyatt Mayor papers, 1815-1980.
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionCorrespondence; scrapbooks and diaries; writings; photographs; medals; passport; engagement calendars; and printed material.

REEL 1344: Letters, 1931-1977, from John Taylor Arms, George Biddle, Mario Bacchelli, Ralston Crawford, Joseph Hirsch, Norman Kent, Leon Kroll, Ezra Pound, Maxfield Parrish, Emilio Sanchez, Barbara and Katherine Ivins, and others. Also included is a photograph of a 1961 poster exhibition, a lecture announcement and Mayor's lecture schedule, writings, and miscellany.

REEL 2322: Ten volumes, 1917-1927, composed while traveling and studying, mostly in Europe. Six volumes contain postcards of architecture and art, a few photos, and typescripts and transcripts of letters to Mayor's grandmother "Minn" [Andella Hyatt], and to "Aunt Anna" [Anna Hyatt Huntington]. He writes about his studies, daily activities, friends, and others, including Bernhard Berenson at i Tatti. Three volumes are diaries written while in Florence, Italy, 1924-1925, Europe, 1925, and Egypt, 1927; and one volume contains reminiscenses of Leon Kroll and Maurice Sachs.

REEL 2336: 20 letters from Mayor to his wife from Spain, 1959, and Europe, 1966; an annotated, 99-page manuscript by Mayor, "The Mutations of Greece"; a travel diary, 1927; and a copy of MAGAZINE OF ART, 1952, with an article by Mayor, "Writing and Painting in China."

UNMICROFILMED: Papers, 1815-1980, including: a passport, 1949-1953; engagement calendars, 1966-1979; personal and business correspondence, 1911-1979; letters to Eliza Cadwell Blackwell (Mayor) from Francis Blackwell, 1815-1819; photographs of Mayor, his family and others, and negatives; published and unpublished writings by Mayor including handwritten notes, typescripts of lectures, galley proofs and newsletters containing articles by Mayor; 3 medals awarded to Francis Blackwell Mayor, 1852-1855; A. Hyatt Mayor's degree from Princeton, 1922, and a citation from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1971; printed material concerning Mayor's aunt, Anna Hyatt Huntington, catalogs, clippings; and miscellany.

Among the photos are: 4 cased daguerreotypes, 1 cased ambrotype, and 11 tintypes, including one taken by Moffett & Sheldon, Newark, N.J., 2 possibly of Alfred G. Mayor, ca. 1868, 1 of Alfred G. Mayor, ca. 1880, and 2 of Joseph Henry Mayor, ca. May 26, 1880.
ADDITION: Manuscripts and writings.

Bio / His Notes:
Museum curator, art historian, writer; New York, N.Y.; b. 1901; d. 1980. Former curator of prints at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

extent4.4 linear ft. (partially microfilmed on 3 reels) Addition: 0.4 linear ft. reels 1344, 2322, & 2336
formatsCorrespondence Scrapbooks Diaries Writings Photographs
accessMicrofilmed portion must be consulted on microfilm. Use of unmicrofilmed portion requires an appointment
record source
acquisition informationMaterial on reel 1344 was lent for microfilming 1977-1978 by A. Hyatt Mayor; a portion was subsequently donated 1980-1981 by Virginia Mayor, his widow, along with additional (unmicrofilmed) material. Material on reels 2322 & 2336 lent for microfilming 1981 by Martha Smith, Mayor's daughter. An additional group of manuscripts and writings was received in 1985 from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, which had borrowed the material from Mrs. Mayor and returned it to AAA at her request. Location of Original: Reel 1344 (part): Originals returned to Virginia Mayor after microfilming. Reels 2322 & 2336: Originals returned to Martha Smith after microfilming.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:51

titleArtist file: Huntington, Anna Hyatt , 1876-1973
repositoryNational Portrait Gallery Library
descriptionFolder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.

extent1+ folders (check with repository)
accessFolder(s) do not circulate. Folder(s) available for use only at the holding library
record source
updated11/12/2014 11:30:05