Archives Directory for the History of Collecting in America

Archives related to: Daniel, Charles, 1878-1971

titleCharles Daniel papers, 1950-1967.
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionManuscripts, typescripts, and revisions of the tape-recorded reminiscences of Charles Daniel. The typescripts and editing were done by Dorothy C. Walker. In addition there are 5 letters from Daniel to Walker, 1950-1955, in which he discusses Charles Demuth, Bryson Burroughs, Saul Schary and Rockwell Kent; a letter to Walker's brother, Robert, 1964, an illustrated letter to Daniel from Saul Schary, 1966, written from Tehran, and a copy of a letter to Daniel from Joseph De Martini on Daniel's 89th birthday.

Biographical and Historical Note
Art dealer; New York, N.Y. Opened Daniel Gallery Dec. 1913 at 2 W. 47th St.
extent85 p. (on 1 microfilm reel) reel 1343
formatsMicrofilm Correspondence
accessPatrons must use microfilm copy. 35mm microfilm reel 1343 available at Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan.
record source
acquisition informationDonated 1972 by Dorothy C. Walker.
updated03/16/2023 10:29:57

titleFerdinand Howald papers, 1918-1973.
repositoryArchives of American Art
description60 letters received; a book of miniature photographs of, and catalogs and articles about, his art collection. Correspondents are Charles Daniel (owner of the Daniel Gallery, New York City), Daniel's associate Alanson Hartpence, and artists Charles Demuth, Oscar Bluemner, Rockwell Kent, Jacques Mouny, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Alfred Stieglitz.
extent 86 items (on partial microfilm reel). roll 955
formatsCorrespondence Exhibition Catalogs Clippings Ephemera
accessPatrons must use microfilm copy.
record source
acquisition informationPapers loaned by the Shawan family through the Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts. Originals returned to the lender after microfilming.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:56

titleElsie Driggs papers, 1924-1979.
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionCorrespondence; photographs; typescripts; exhibition catalogs and announcements; and clippings.

REEL D160: Letters received from dealer Charles Daniel; from Edward Bruce, urging Driggs to write her congressman to support the Public Works of Art Project, and refusing her payment of a loan; and from Maurice Sterne, Mrs. Bruce and others commenting on her return to the town of Anticoli-Corrado, Italy, in which they had all lived during the 1920's; included is a photograph of the Anticoli group, including Sterne, Bruce, Elsa Schmid Neumann, Louise Maloney, Gertrude Tienser-Willie, Mario Topi, and other. Also included are catalogs and clippings.

UNMICROFILMED: Business and personal correspondence regarding paintings by Driggs and her husband, Lee Gatch; exhibition catalogs and announcements; photographs of Driggs and family; and two typescripts, "The Search for Piero Della Francesca," and "The Stones of Lee Gatch," written by Driggs.

Bio / His Notes:
Painter, curator, art critic; New York, N.Y. Died 1992. Married to painter Lee Gatch; also known by married name: Elsie Driggs Gatch.
extent75 items (partially microfilmed on 1 reel) reel D160
formatsClippings Correspondence Photographs Exhibition Catalogs Ephemera
accessMicrofilmed portion must be consulted on microfilm. Use of unmicrofilmed portion requires an appointment.
record source
acquisition informationDonated 1963-1980 by Elsie Driggs.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:56

titlePeter Blume papers, [ca. 1926]-1992.
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionCorrespondence; art work; notes and writings; photographs; sound recordings; files; and printed material document Blume's career as a Surrealist painter and his later work in sculpture, as well as his close friendships with several literary figures.

Included are correspondence with galleries, museums, artists, writers, friends, and family members including his wife "Ebie"; gallery files; photographs of Blume, his wife, John Cheever, Arthur Miller, and others, of Blume's work, and exhibition photographs; writings by Blume on art and artists; journal of a Pacific cruise, 1954?; notes on Arshile Gorky's death; theses on Blume; transcript of an interview; casting bills from Italy; scrapbook; sound recordings of conversations with Blume, 1972, 1976; a reference file of photographs of works of art; numerous drawings, preliminary drawings and "doodles"; complete inventory of work at Dintenfass Gallery and Dintenfass files; price lists of works; list of oil paintings; notes, photographs and information on Hart Crane; manuscript of a biography of Blume by Frank Trapp with a foreword by Malcolm Cowley; minutes of meetings of the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, 1973-1976; exhibition catalogs; posters; books; and clippings.

Correspondents include Kirk Askew, Charles Buckley, Kenneth Burke, Malcolm Cowley, Charles Daniel, Peter and Katinka De Vries, John Hershey, Arthur Millier, and others. Also included are letters to Mrs. Blume.

Bio / His Notes:
Painter; Sherman, Conn. Died 1992.
extent6.4 linear ft.
formatsCorrespondence Works of Art Writings Photographs Printed Materials
accessUnmicrofilmed; use requires an appointment and is limited to AAA's Washington, D.C. storage facility.
record link
record source
acquisition informationDonated 1993 by Grace Blume, widow of Peter Blume. Additional papers are expected.
updated11/12/2014 11:29:56

titleRockwell Kent papers, [circa 1840]-1993, bulk 1935-1961
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionCorrespondence, manuscripts, printed matter, art work, and photographs that provide comprehensive coverage of Kent's career as a painter, illustrator, designer, writer, lecturer, traveler, political activist, and dairy farmer.

Voluminous personal and professional correspondence with his three wives, five children, and other relatives, as well as with literally hundreds of friends--both lifelong and of brief duration--illuminates Kent's private life and contributes to understanding of his complex character. Among the many correspondents of note are: his wives Kathleen Whiting Kent, Frances Lee Kent, and Shirley (Sally) Johnstone Kent Gorton; his art teachers William Merritt Chase, Robert Henri, and Kenneth Hayes Miller; fellow artists Elmer Adler, Tom Cleland, Arthur B. Davies, Hugo Gellert, Harry Gottleib, Marsden Hartley, Charles Keller, and Ruth Reeves; collectors Duncan Phillips and Dan Burne Jones; critics J. E. Chamberlain and Walter Pach; and dealers Charles Daniel, Felix Wildenstein, and Macbeth Galleries. Kent corresponded with such diverse people as Arctic explorers Peter Freuchen, Knud Rasmussen, and Vilhjalmar Steffanson; composer Carl Ruggles and songwriters Lee Hays and Pete Seeger; civil rights pioneers Paul Robeson and Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois; writers Bayard Boyesen, Scott and Helen Nearing, and Louis Untermeyer; and art historian and print curator Carl Zigrosser.
Kent's interest and involvement in the labor movement are reflected in correspondence with officials and members of a wide variety and large number of unions and related organizations, among them: the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union of America, Farmers' Union of the New York Milk Shed, International Workers Order, National Maritime Union, and United Office and Professional Workers of America. Of special interest is his participation, often in leadership roles, in various attempts to organize artists. Files on the American Artists' Congress, Artists League of America, The Artists Union, United American Artists, and United Scenic Artists contain particularly valuable material on the movement.

A supporter of New Deal efforts to aid artists, Kent was actively interested in the various programs and often was critical of their limitations; he advocated continuing federal aid to artists after the Depression abated. Iincluded within the collection is correspondence with the Federal Arts Project, Federal Fine Arts Project, Federal Writers' Project, and the War Department, as well as correspondence with the Citizens' Committee for Government Art Projects and President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the subject.

Manuscripts include "Rockwellkentiana," "Greenland Journal," "To Thee!," "Of Men and Mountains," "A Voyager's Log, Part II," and final chapters of his autobiography, "Its Me O Lord," covering the period after publication in 1955 until just before his death in 1971. Also included are various articles, speeches, radio addresses, book and exhibition reviews, catalog essays, and poems by Kent.

Printed matter including publications and exhibition posters; news clippings about Kent, and articles written and or illustrated by Kent; also, clipping files on subjects of interest to him.

Art work consists of drawings, prints, and sketches including work done in Greenland, and set designs for the Benjamin Britten opera "Peter Grimes." Also included are drawings by children.

Photographs are of works of art by Kent, places visited by Kent, Kent and family (including portraits by Arnold Genthe, ca. 1920, and Carl Van Vechten, ca. 1930), and miscellaneous subjects including: "Direction" and other boats, home and Asgaard farm, Eskimo artifacts, and whales. See also unmicrofilmed addition. Also included is a reel of 35mm motion picture film, 3 min., no sound, b&w (transferred to video) of Kent in Greenland?, showing dog sled, Kent and family?, and village scenes.

Bio / His Notes:
Painter, printmaker, illustrator, designer, and commercial artist. Kent also pursued careers as as a writer, professional lecturer, and dairy farmer. He travelled extensively, and was a political activist who supported the causes of organized labor, civil liberties, civil rights, anti-Fascism, and peace and friendship with the Soviet Union.

General Note:
Papers suffered significant water damage after being rescued from the fire that destroyed the Kent home in 1969. A small percentage could not be salvaged, and a few items (particularly letters written in fountain pen) are faded or smeared to the point of illegibility.
extent88 linear ft. (on 106 microfilm reels) Addition: 1.7 linear ft. reels 5153-5256
formatsCorrespondence Manuscript Printed Materials Works of Art Photographs
accessPatrons must use microfilm copy. Permission to quote, reproduce or publish may be needed from Plattsburgh State University of New York art museum.
record link
record source
finding aidBoth on site at the repository, Archives of American Art, and on its web site.
acquisition informationDonated 1969 and 1971 by Mr. and Mrs. Rockwell Kent, and in 1996 by Shirley (Sally) Kent Gorton. Funding for the processing, microfilming, and publication of the finding aid was provided by The Henry Luce Foundation. Additional photos, art works and writings were donated 2001 by the Shirley Gorton Johnstone estate.
updated12/15/2014 12:12:33

title[Charles Daniel] / [graphic] William H. Bender.
repositoryArchives of American Art
descriptionAutographed: "To Abram Lerner, Best Wishes Charles Daniel."

Bio / His Notes:
Daniel was an art dealer, owner of the Charles Daniel Gallery. Lerner, director of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden.

Produced: [1963]
extent1 photographic print : b&w ; 18 x 13 cm.
accessAvailable digitally on the repository's website.
record source
acquisition informationDonated 1974 by Abram Lerner. Microfilmed in 1980 as part of AAA's Photographs of Artists Collection Two and scanned in 2003.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:03

titleRoot, Edward Wales (1911-1953)
repositoryMunson Williams Proctor Arts Institute
descriptionChiefly letters from painters, dealers, and curators; together with a few bills.

Correspondents include Alexander Brook, Charles Daniel, Arthur B. Davies, George Luks, Henry Lee McFee, and Maurice Prendergast.

Biographical Note
Art collector and lecturer on art at Hamilton College, Clinton, N. Y.

Related Materials
Root left his art library to the institute and in 2005 they began compiling a list which can be found at:

Many of the books have notations in the margins.

The Archives of American Art has a microfilm copy of 54 letters in this collection, made in 1964.

extent57 items
formatsCorrespondence Financial Records
accessInformation on literary rights available in the library.
record source
finding aidItemized list in the repository.
acquisition informationGift of Mrs. Root, Clinton, N. Y., 1960.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:10