Archives Directory for the History of Collecting in America

Archives related to: Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987

titleThe Bayard Rustin Papers
repositoryDavis Library
collection titleAs an organizer, strategist, orator, and writer, Bayard Rustin (1912-1987) was one of the most influential civil rights leaders of his time. His skill at planning protest demonstrations and his insights as a social and political analyst earned him the respect of movement insiders, while his role as behind-the-scenes advisor to both A. Philip Randolph and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. allowed him to help shape the course of the modern civil rights struggle for several decades. The publication of UPA’s microfilm edition of The Bayard Rustin Papers enables researchers and scholars of American race relations to assess Rustin’s remarkable career during the nearly half-century that he spent in the civil rights movement.

In 1942, Rustin, a pacifist employed by the Fellowship of Reconciliation, and James Farmer organized local nonviolent direct-action groups that coalesced the following year to form the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). Rustin’s efforts at organizing demonstrations and sit-ins along Gandhian lines reached a climax in 1947, when he participated in an interracial group that sought to test a recent Supreme Court decision outlawing discrimination in interstate travel. This forerunner of the 1961 Freedom Rides was called a Journey of Reconciliation. Sponsored by CORE, the small band traveled as an integrated group on public transit systems in the states of the upper South. On six occasions members of the group were arrested, and in North Carolina Rustin himself was sentenced to a chain gang for his participation in the venture.

During the 1950’s, while maintaining a low profile, Rustin quietly established his fabled reputation among civil rights activists as one of the most effective and courageous strategists of the civil rights movement. In 1955-1956, he worked closely with Martin Luther King, Jr. during the Montgomery bus boycott, instructing King in the Gandhian methods of nonviolent direct action. Throughout the 1950’s, he was involved in nearly every important civil rights campaign. During this period his talents were tapped by a variety of groups, including CORE, the Sourthern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Fellowship of Reconciliation, and the War Resistor’s League, as well as by A. Philip Randolph. Often given extensive leave from his post as executive secretary of the War Resistor’s League to work on various civil rights projects, Rustin drew up in 1956 the organizing plan that King used to create the SCLC and, in 1960, acting on behalf of King and Randolph, he organized civil rights demonstrations at the Democratic and Republican National Conventions.

In addition, from 1955 to 1960, Rustin served as chief adviser to King on strategy and issues. Acting as liaison between Randolph and King, in 1957 he organized the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom, and in 1958 and 1959 he coordinated the National Youth Marches for Integrated Schools, which pressed for full enforcement of the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision. Finally, it was Rustin who urged Randolph in 1963 to call for a mass march on Washington and it was Rustin, in his capacity as deputy director, who was the real organizer and strategist of the historic 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

The extensive files on the 1963 March on Washington that appear in The Bayard Rustin Papers exemplify the research potential of the collection. At Randolph’s request, Rustin handled all of the logistical and technical preparations that had to be in place if the event were to proceed smoothly. Rustin’s files dealing with the march allow the researcher to explore this pivotal event in unsurpassed detail, as correspondence, memoranda, and position papers delineate the issues involved, the plan of operation, the mobilization of labor unions and religious groups in support of the march, and political maneuvering with Congress, the President, and within the movement itself.

Notes:
Accompanied by printed reel guide, compiled by Nanette Dobrosky.


Locations and Call Numbers
Davis Library, Z8766.85 .R87 1988 Suppl. "Guide "
Davis Library Microfilm, 1-4474 reel 1-23
Davis Library Microfilm , 1-4474 "Guide "
extent23 microfilm reels
formatsMicrofilm
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record linkhttp://search.lib.unc.edu/search?R=UNCb2503189
record sourcehttp://www.lib.unc.edu/cdd/crs/socsci/afro/print/leaders.html
updated09/12/2019 15:30:04
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titleA report on twenty-two days on the chain gang at Roxboro, North Carolina
repositoryNorth Carolina Collection
collection titleA report on twenty-two days on the chain gang at Roxboro, North Carolina

Location
North Carolina Collection Vault

Call #
VC365 R97r
extent43 leaves ; 28 cm.
formatsTypescript
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record sourcehttp://search.lib.unc.edu/search?R=UNCb4195855
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleThe Fellowship of Reconciliation Records, 1915-[ongoing].
repositorySwarthmore College Peace Collection
collection titleThe collection includes minutes and other material relating to the founding conference in 1915; minutes (1915-date), statements of purpose, by-laws, correspondence, project files, publications, resource kits, advertisements, periodicals, newsletters from regional and local FOR groups, releases and photographs. Files of the executive secretaries/directors constitute an important category of both the administrative and program records.

Principal files are those of Edward W. Evans, A.J. Muste, John M. Swomley, Alfred Hassler, Barton Hunter, Richard Deats, Doug Hostetter, and Jo Becker. Other correspondence of national staff includes the files of Allan Brick, Thomas Cornell, Richard Deats, James Forest, John Heidbrink, Michael Jendrzejczyk, Bayard Rustin, Glenn Smiley, and Ronald Young. There are records of many special projects, including: reconciliation efforts in Latin America and the USSR, training in nonviolence, Shelters for the Shelterless, peace missions to Vietnam and collaboration with Vietnamese Buddhists, Dai Dong (linking environment with war/peace), and nuclear disarmament. Some were conducted with other organizations, particularly Civilian Public Service (1941-1946), and the Church Peace Mission (1950-1967) and the Rocky Flats/Nuclear Weapons Facilities Project (with AFSC, 1977-1984); includes records of the Philadelphia Fellowship of Reconciliation (1942-1962), the Greater Boston Fellowship of Reconciliation, and the New York Fellowship of Reconciliation. Additional important correspondents are: Devere Allen, Gilbert A. Beaver, Daniel Berrigan, A. Stauffer Curry, David Dellinger, Robert F. Drinan, Harrop Freeman, Larry Gara, Richard B. Gregg, Thích Nh´ât H nh, George M. Houser, Paul Jones, Martin Luther King, Jr., Sidney Lens, Joseph B. Matthews, David McReynolds, Kirby Page, Adolfo Perez-Esquivel, Robert Pickus, John Nevin Sayre, Evan W. Thomas, Norman Thomas, Charles C. Walker, Arthur Waskow, Herman Will, John Howard Yoder, and Gordon C. Zahn.

Background

In 1914, an ecumenical conference was held in Switzerland by Christians seeking to prevent the outbreak of war in Europe. Before the conference ended, however, World War I had started and those present had to return to their respective countries. A German and an Englishman parted company with the words "We are one in Christ and can never be at war." Inspired by that pledge, about 130 Christians of all denominations gathered in Cambridge at the end of 1914 and set up the FOR.

The Fellowship of Reconciliation in the U.S. was founded in 1915 by Christian pacifists. The organization, whose members are now drawn from many religious groups, seeks to apply principles of peace and social justice and non-violent social change to issues such as disarmament, conscription, race relations, economic justice, and civil liberties. The FOR-USA is affiliated with the International Fellowship of Reconciliation

Note
Minutes (1915-1941) of National Council and Executive Committee available on microfilm (2 reels: 102.1-102.2) available on interlibrary loan from Swarthmore College Peace Collection

Cite as:
Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.) Records


LOCATION
S Peace Archive

CALL NO.
DG 13
extent170 linear ft
formatsAdministrative Records
accessNone
record linkhttp://www.swarthmore.edu/library/peace/DG001-025/DG013/dg13fortablofcont.htm
record sourcehttp://tripod.brynmawr.edu/record=b2437909~S10
finding aidIndexes Checklist available in repository, folder level control
acquisition informationDonor/Depositor: Fellowship of Reconciliation-USA
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleMichigan Fellowship of Reconciliation records, 1940-1957.
repositoryBentley Historical Library
collection titleCorrespondence, printed materials, and other papers from the files of the editors of the Michigan F.O.R. News, largely relating to the peace movement and the problem of conscientious objection; also tape recording of Dr. Martin Niemoeller at the F.O.R. national conference in 1954.

Correspondents include: Henry H. Crane, Homer Ferguson, Patrick V. McNamara, George Meader, Abraham J. Muste, Scott Nearing, Wallace F. Nelson, Martin Niemoeller, Charles E. Potter, Bayard Rustin, John N. Sayre, Rebecca Shelley, Morton J. Sobel, Adlai E. Stevenson, John M. Swomley, and Albert G. Watson.

Bio/History:
Religious pacifist organization.
extent2 linear ft.
formatsAdministrative Records Correspondence Printed Materials Sound Recording Ephemera
accessThe record group is open to research.
record linkhttp://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/f/findaid/findaid-idx?c=bhlead&idno=umich-bhl-851326
record sourcehttp://mirlyn.lib.umich.edu:80/F/?func=direct&doc_number=002739579&local_base=BENT_PUB
finding aidFinding aid available via World Wide Web at URL: http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/f/findaid/findaid-idx?c=bhlead&idno=umich-bhl-851326
acquisition informationDonor: 4218
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleBayard Rustin Collection, 1947-1987.
repositorySwarthmore College Peace Collection
collection titleThe Swarthmore College Peace Collection is not the official repository for the records of this individual.

Bio/History:
Bayard Rustin was a Pennsylvania-born, African-American Quaker who was concerned with nonviolence, socialism, civil rights, race relations, and international relations. He was connected with the Fellowship of Reconciliation, American Friends Service Committee, War Resisters League, Congress of Racial Equality, and Committee for Nonviolent Civil Disobedience against Military Segregation. He was imprisoned during World War II for draft refusal based on his absolute pacifism.

Cite as:
Swarthmore College Peace Collection, CDG-A., Bayard Rustin.
extent2 linear in.
formats
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleJoseph Andrew Felmet; George Hauser; Bayard Rustin Papers, 1947-1983 (bulk 1948-1950).
repositoryDuke University Library
collection titleCollection is mostly made up of correspondence related to Felmet's applications to take the bar exam in N.C. and the denials under the moral character rule.

He was convicted of two violations of the Selective Service Act of 1940, and three violations of segregation laws in Florida and North Carolina. Felmet was among the first to become involved in activities for the protection of workers' rights and racial equality. Also included is a pamphlet entitled "We Challenged Jim Crow," by George Houser and Bayard Rustin.

Bio/History:
Winston-Salem (Forsyth Co.), N.C. conscientious objector

Special Collections Library
6th 12:D items1-157 c.1 Manuscripts
extent157 items.
formatsCorrespondence
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record linkhttp://library.duke.edu/catalog/search/recordid/DUKE002356525
record sourcehttp://library.duke.edu/catalog/search/recordid/DUKE002356525
finding aidUnprocessed collection. Cataloged from accession records.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleSocial Democrats (U.S.A.) Records, 1937-1994 (bulk 1970-1984).
repositoryDuke University Library
collection titleThis collection (20700 items; dated 1937-1994, bulk 1970-1984) includes office files and correspondence, and records from various organizations, such as the Young Social Democrats and the Youth Institute for Peace in the Middle East. Of note are some materials on prominent socialists, including Eugene Debs, Norman Thomas, and Carl Gershman. There are also important periodicals and special publications from 1937-1968 documenting American labor history, the Jim Crow Era, and civil rights issues in the 1960s. (96-104)

The addition to the collection (39851 items, 66.4 linear feet; dated 1950-1994, bulk 1980-1994) includes correspondence with local chapters; organizational files on Young Social Democrats clubs, benefits, national conventions, fund raising, the yearly Eugene V. Debs Award dinners, and membership (including membership cards); subject files on people (including Bayard Rustin), other leftist organizations (especially Socialist International), labor unions, and countries and regions (including South Africa, Poland, Spain, the Soviet Union, and Latin America); and publications and newspapers related to socialism. Material also includes 108 electronic computer files that have been migrated to the Special Collections server; 2 cloth banners and 3 plaques/awards; 351 black-and-white photographs; 8 color photographs; 4 videocassettes; 243 audio cassettes; 2 digital audio tapes; and 4 phonograph records. (01-079)


Biographical and Historical Note
Social Democrats, USA, is a descendant organization of the Socialist Party of America.

Special Collections Library
Library Service Center Acc. 01/079
extent101.9 Linear Feet
formatsAdministrative Records Correspondence Printed Materials Photographs Video recording
accessCollection is open for research. However, patrons must sign the Acknowledgment of Legal Responsibility and Privacy Rights form before using this collection. Also, all or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center. Consequently, there may be a 24-hour delay in obtaining these materials. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library to use this collection.
record linkhttp://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/rbmscl/socdem/inv/
record sourcehttp://library.duke.edu/catalog/search/recordid/DUKE002963980
finding aidFinding aid in repository and on the Web.
acquisition informationThe Social Democrats, USA Records was received by the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library as a gift in 1996 and 2001.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleThe Bayard Rustin papers [microform]
repositoryDuke University Library
collection titleReproduces the papers of Bayard Rustin made from the originals in the A. Philip Randolph Institute, New York N.Y., which were later transferred by the Institute to the Library of Congress.

Other Titles: Guide to the microfilm edition of The Bayard Rustin papers.

Perkins/Bostock Library (2 copies available)
M9589 Supplement: c.1 Microforms Microfilm
extent23 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.
formatsMicrofilm
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
record linkhttp://library.duke.edu/catalog/search/recordid/DUKE003187134
record sourcehttp://library.duke.edu/catalog/search/recordid/DUKE003187134
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleBayard Rustin papers, 1942-1987 (bulk 1963-1980).
repositorylibrary of Congress
collection titleCorrespondence, memoranda, speeches, notes, reports, press releases, financial records, agendas, printed material, and other papers documenting Rustin’s leading role as an activist in the African American civil rights movement, advocate of international human rights and social reform, and pacifist.

Includes material pertaining to African anti-imperialist movements in the 1950s, African American relations with Jews, alienation of African American youth, Rustin’s sentencing to and exposé of chain gangs following his arrest for participation in freedom rides (1947), incarceration as a conscientious objector for his refusal to register for the draft during World War II, ethnic relations in Israel, black nationalism, civil rights marches including the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (1963), the Fellowship of Reconciliation, observation of elections by Freedom House, Haitian refugees, gay rights, integration of schools, work of the International Rescue Committee assisting Indochinese refugees (1978-1987), poverty, nuclear war protests, race riots of the 1960s, racism, Rustin’s work (1950s-1960s) with Martin Luther King, Jr., and other members of the Southern Christian Leadership Council, and trade-unions.

Correspondents include Nnamdi Azikiwe, Menachem Begin, Hugo LaFayette Black, Hyman Harry Bookbinder, Jimmy Carter, Cesar Chavez, Eldridge Cleaver, Ralph DiGia, Dorothy I. Height, Benjamin L. Hooks, Jacob K. Javits, Kivie Kaplan, Edward Moore Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, George Meany, Daniel P. Moynihan, Abraham John Muste, Kwame Nkrumah, Eleanor Holmes Norton, Selma Platt, Anita Poole, A. Philip Randolph, Elie Wiesel, and Roy Wilkins.

Notes:
Photographs transferred to Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

Collection material in English.

MSS77373

Preferred Citation:
Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Container or reel number, Bayard Rustin Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

CALL NUMBERS:
0814X
Microfilm 20,575-23P
Oversize 0113S
extent20 linear feet.
formatsCorrespondence Ephemera Writings Financial Records Printed Materials
record linkhttp://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/faidfrquery/F?faidfr:1:./temp/~faid_Gchf::
record sourcehttp://lccn.loc.gov/mm 93077373
finding aidFinding aid available in the Library of Congress Manuscript Reading Room and on Internet.
acquisition informationThe papers of Bayard Rustin, civil rights activist and author, were presented to the Library of Congress between 1988 and 1994 as a bequest from Rustin via Walter Naegle, executor of Rustin's estate.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleAudio materials, 1956-1977 [sound recording].
repositoryLibrary of Congress
collection titleScope: Recordings of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Convention activities for 1967-1970 and 1972-1977, Lincoln Day broadcasts for 1959-1968, television interviews (sound only) of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People officials, and special documentary presentations. Voices heard include, among others, James Baldwin, Daisy Bates, Harry Belafonte, Julian Bond, Robert L. Carter, Kenneth B. Clark, W. Montague Cobb, William Thaddeus Coleman, Sammy Davis, Jr., Charles C. Diggs, W.E.B. Du Bois, James Farmer, Walter E. Fauntroy, John Hope Franklin, Alex Haley, William Hastie, Augustus F. Hawkins, Dorothy I. Height, Herbert Hill, Benjamin L. Hooks, Langston Hughes, Jesse Jackson, Martin Luther King, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, James Meredith, Clarence M. Mitchell, Henry Lee Moon, Constance Baker Motley, Adam Clayton Powell, A. Philip Randolf, Ira De Augustine Reid, Jackie Robinson, Bayard Rustin, Arthur B. Spingarn, Percy E. Sutton, Channing H. Tobias, Robert Clifton Weaver, Roy Wilkins, Margaret Bush Wilson, and Malcolm X.

Notes:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records, 1909-1987; Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

LC Classification:
RWD 3001-3128, 3133, 3138-3200, 4372-4480 (archival--not for playback)
RXB 0490-0501, 0505-0508, 0512, 0515-0518, 0522-0535, 0540-0552, 0558, 0562-0563, 0566-0568, 0572 (archival--not for playback)
RWC 9541-9680 (preservation masters)

Repository:
Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division Washington, DC 20540 USA dcu

extent<356 > sound tape reels : analog, various speeds ; 7-10 in. (some acetate) 140 sound tape reels : analog, 7 1/2 ips ; 10 in.
formatsSound Recording
accessAccess restricted.
record linkhttp://lccn.loc.gov/92779133
record sourcehttp://lccn.loc.gov/92779133
finding aidInventory of original tapes and index of names available in Library of Congress Recorded Sound Reference Center.
acquisition informationGift of N.A.A.C.P. 1978, 1980.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleRoundtable II [sound recording] : implications for U.S. policies.
repositoryLibrary of Congress
collection titleThe panel comments on the second day’s proceedings especially in relation to U.S. policies at home and abroad. The central concepts contained in the encyclical are discussed in terms of their implications for American foreign policy.

Notes:
Title from container.

Edited from the Pacem in Terris Convocation I, convened in New York City in Feb. 1965 by the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions.

Performer:
Host and chairman: Norman Cousins ; participants: Harold E. Stassen, Hans J. Morgenthau, Marya Mannes, Hudson Hoagland, R. Paul Ramsey, Abram J. Chayes, Bayard Rustin, John Cogley.

CALL NUMBER:
LWO 4742, reel 176-178
extent3 sound tape reels (30 min. each) : analog, 3 3/4 ips, 1/2 track ; 7 in.
formatsSound Recording
accessRequest in advance in Rec Sound Ref Center (Madison, LM113)
record linkhttp://lccn.loc.gov/92788410
record sourcehttp://lccn.loc.gov/92788410
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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titleBayard Rustin, the singer [sound recording].
repositoryLibrary of Congress
collection titleContents:
I attempt from love’s sickness to fly -- Flow, my tears -- Care e dolce -- Have you seen but a whyte lillie grow? -- The lass with the delicate air -- I saw her -- Ah! the sighs that come from my heart -- Gather ye rosebuds -- Swing low, swing chariot -- Nobody knows the trouble I’ve seen -- Ezekiel saw the wheel -- There is a balm in Gilead -- Careless love -- You don’t have to ride Jim Crow! -- Go tell it on the mountain -- Mary, what you gonna name your pretty little baby? -- Wasn’t that a mighty day? -- I know the Lord laid his hands on me -- Shepherd, where’d you lose your sheep? --Sometimes I feel like a motherless child -- Lonesome valley -- Were you there when they crucified my Lord? -- He never said a mumblin’ word -- Lord, I don’t care where you bury my body -- He arose -- He is King of Kings.

CALL NUMBER:
RYB 9317
extent1 sound cassette : analog.
formatsSound Recording
accessRequest in: Request in advance in Rec Sound Ref Center (Madison, LM113)
record sourcehttp://lccn.loc.gov/95773723
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07
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