Archives Directory for the History of Collecting in America

Archives related to: Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 1843-1899

titleChauncey M. Depew papers, 1880-1925.
repositoryNew York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division
descriptionCollection contains correspondence and autographs collected by Depew. Correspondence consists chiefly of letters received by Depew from various persons prominent in American and English political and social life. Also, autographed calling cards, clipped autographs and other papers.

Chauncey Mitchell Depew (1834-1928) was a lawyer, railroad executive, and U.S. Senator from New York. He was Secretary of State of New York in 1863; worked for the New York & Harlem Railroad, the New York City & Hudson River Railroad, and the West Shore Railroad; and served on the board of directors of numerous railway, banking and other corporations. He was active in the Republican Party and was elected to the U.S. Senate for two terms, 1899 to 1911.

extent.3 linear foot (1 box)
formatsBusiness Papers Correspondence Ephemera
accessRestricted Access Restricted access; Manuscripts and Archives Division; Permit must be requested at the division indicated.
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finding aidIndexes Finding aid available in repository and on internet.
updated03/16/2023 10:30:03

titleStanford White correspondence and architectural drawings, 1887-1922, (bulk 1887-1907)
repositoryColumbia University Libraries
descriptionCollection consists primarily of White’s letterpress books and correspondence, with some related bills, receipts, and other ephemera, 1887-1906, relating to his professional and personal matters Correspondence, 1907, relates to his estate.

Correspondents of note include William A. Boring, Richard Morris Hunt, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Louis C. Tiffany, John La Farge, Charles McKim, Frederick Law Olmsted, Whitney Warren, Stefano Bardini, Bessie White, William Merritt Chase, William Robert Ware, Kenyon Cox, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Percy Baker, Cass Gilbert, Childe Hassam, John Singer Sargent, John Wanamaker, Carrère & Hastings, Thomas Dewing, James McNeill Whistler, Lawrence White, Richard White, and other architects, artists, contractors, suppliers, clients, friends, and family members.

One letter book contains letters, 1922, by White’s son Lawrence Grant White. Also included are White’s architectural drawings for houses he built for himself at St. James, Long Island, 1892-1904, and 121 East 21st Street, New York, undated; miscellaneous drawings; and a few architectural drawings by Lawrence Grant White, and drafts of his translation of Dante’s DIVINE COMEDY.

Cite As:
Stanford White correspondence and architectural drawings. Located in the Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.

Location (guide):
Avery Drawings & Archives - By appt. (Non-Circulating)

Call Number:
D&A White
extentapprox. 26 cubic ft.
formatsCorrespondence Financial Records Drawings Ephemera
accessThis collection is available for use by qualified readers by appointment in the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. For further information and to make an appointment, please call (212) 854-4110 or email Permission to publish must be obtained in writing from the Director, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University, 1172 Amsterdam Ave., MC 0301, New York, NY 10027.
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finding aidAn electronic index to the letterpress copybooks is available online: A paper inventory is available in the Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07

titleCornelius Vanderbilt Esq. residence, Newport, [R.I.] [graphic] : [detail drawing of] iron furred ceiling to carriage porch [in plan and section] / Richard M. Hunt, architect.
repositoryColumbia University Libraries
descriptionBracketed information taken from archival file or supplied by cataloger.

Forms part of the Guastavino Fireproof Construction Company/George Collins architectural records and drawings, Dept. of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library.

Drawing is fragile and in 3 fragments.

Location (guide):
Avery Drawings & Archives - By appt. (Non-Circulating)

Call Number:
extent1 drawing : blueline print on paper ; 48.3 x 72.5 cm. (19 1/8 x 28 1/2 in.)
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acquisition informationGift of the Guastavino Fireproof Construction Company, 1963.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07

titleJohn Hay Papers, 1829-1916
repositoryBrown University, John Hay Archives
descriptionHay's correspondence with his family and with literary, diplomatic, and political contemporaries; Civil War diaries and those kept by Hay as Secretary of the Legations in Paris, Vienna, and Madrid, 1866-1870; manuscript poems; galley proofs; personal letterpress copy books. Subjects include: Civil War; Lincoln and his administration; Reconstruction; court life in Paris; Hay's choice of careers; the bi-metal monetary standard; the Canadian boundary settlement; the fur seal question; Japanese naval activity; British politics; American political affairs, etc.

Brown class of 1858. Secretary to Abraham Lincoln; Ambassador to Court of St. James; Secretary of State; author
extentOver 9100 items
formatsCorrespondence Manuscript Diaries
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
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finding aidTypescript inventory available for small portion of collection. Items individually cataloged in Manuscript Card Catalog
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07

titleAmerican railroad stock and other certificates, 1848-1907.
repositoryPennsylvania State University
descriptionThe collection contains 140 stock certificates: 92 railroad, 20 stock and bond scrip, 19 bonds, 6 City of Philadelphia bonds, and 3 corporate. One bond is signed by Cornelius Vanderbilt.

In Rare Books and Manuscripts, University Libraries, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (#1985-0068R)

Call Number

Rare Books & Mss, 1st Floor Paterno (nocirc)

extent140 items.
formatsFinancial Records
accessUnrestricted access.
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finding aidArranged by type of certificate, thereunder alphabetically by company.
acquisition informationGift of Shirley McNerney.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07

titleStock and other certificates, 1841-1929.
repositoryPennsylvania State University
descriptionThe collection contains 195 certificates: stock, railroad bonds, construction and stock scrip, bond scrip, City of Philadelphia bonds, corporate stock scrips and certificates. One bond is signed by Cornelius Vanderbilt.

Organized by accession. Arranged by type of certificate, thereunder alphabetically by company.

General Note:
In Rare Books and Manuscripts, University Libraries, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (#1985-0068R)

extent195 items.
formatsFinancial Records
accessUnrestricted access.
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acquisition informationGift of Kenneth W. Rendell, 1977, 1991, 1996. In the early 1960s, Rendell acquired from Syracuse University their stock certificate collection from the New York Central Railroad.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:07

titleThe last will and testament of Cornelius Vanderbilt, dated June 18, 1896: including the two codicils thereto, dated respectively April 24, 1897 and April 4, 1899.
repositoryLibrary of Michigan
descriptionOther Titles:
Last will and testament, including the two codicils thereto, of Cornelius Vanderbilt

Library of Michigan

Shelving Location

Call Number
CT 275 .V273 A3 1899
extent27 p. ; 27 cm.
formatsLegal Papers
accessContact repository for restrictions and policies.
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updated11/12/2014 11:30:07

titleGeorge A. Lucas papers, 1825-2003 [bulk 1824-1909] MS.10
repositoryBaltimore Museum of Art
descriptionThe George A. Lucas Papers contain the correspondence, art collection-related papers, and subject files of George A. Lucas, as well as several of his friends and colleagues. They document Lucas’ work as an art agent in late 19th and early 20th century Paris and his collections of artwork, spanning the years 1862 to 1909. They also contain research materials relating to the Lucas Papers that were not part of Lucas’ original collection.

The Papers are housed in 19 boxes and consist of three series: Subject Files, Personal Papers and Lucas Research Collection. One box contains Oversize material. The majority of the material in the Lucas Papers was originally stored with many of the paper based artworks in his collection, pasted to the pages of large folios in the collection of the Prints, Drawings and Photographs Department. For example, letters and newspaper clippings about artists were attached alongside the artist’s prints and drawings. The artwork was separated from the other material by the Conservation Department for improved access and security, the artworks retained in PDP, and the letters and ephemera sent to the Archives and Manuscripts Collections. Note that some items have retained accession numbers and are cross-referenced in the BMA’s collection database.

Lucas also pasted ephemeral material about artists in some of the books in his collection. A thorough inventory of this material has not yet been done and none of it has been removed from the books. A few items from Félix Ziem have already been found and their location is noted along with the other Ziem material in the Subject Files Series. As other material is located, it will be added similarly.

Where names, dates or other information was either indecipherable or missing, The Diary of George A. Lucas and other reference sources have been checked to obtain correct information. Names have been verified in either the Getty’s Union List of Artist Names or Bénézit’s Dictionary of Artists.

In general, materials are arranged alphabetically by correspondent or subject and then by date. Exceptions are noted below.

Additional reference materials stored with the Lucas Papers include a photocopy of handwritten translations of some of the correspondence in the Subject Files. The original translations can be difficult to read, however, in some cases they were used to aid in the translations in this finding aid. A photocopy of Lucas’ collection inventory, “Catalogue – Eaux Fortes” is also available and should be used in place of the original.

Biographical Information
George Aloysius Lucas was born May 29th, 1824 in Baltimore, Maryland. His father, Fielding Lucas, Jr. owned a publishing and stationer’s company in Baltimore that was known for publishing maps, atlases and several important drawing books and was to eventually become Lucas Bros. Inc. Leaving his brothers to assist with the family business, Lucas left Baltimore in 1851 to work for the New York, New Haven Railroad and subsequently worked for several other railroad companies before moving to Paris in 1857.

In Paris, Lucas made his living as an art agent, buying and commissioning paintings, prints, and drawings for wealthy American friends such as William Henry Huntington, Frank Frick, William Walters, Samuel Putnam Avery, and William Henry Huntington. He met and befriended many artists and made frequent visits to their studios to see their works in progress.

At the same time, Lucas was making his own purchases and putting together his remarkable collection of artworks and books. Beginning in 1887, Lucas worked with Walters on the Barye Monument Committee and was also instrumental in putting together the Barye exhibition at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1889.

Lucas’ companion in Paris was Octavie-Josephine Marchand, who though never mentioned by anything other than “M” in either his diaries or correspondence, was an important figure in his life. Lucas remained in Paris until his death on December 17th, 1909.

Language of Materials
Material is in French and English. Correspondence from British and American persons is generally in English.

Existence and Location of Copies
For complete transcriptions of the Whistler letters held by the BMA, see The Centre for Whistler Studies:

extent3.2 Linear feet ; 19 boxes
formatsCorrespondence Artist Files Clippings Photographs Ephemera
accessThe collection is open for research. The George A. Lucas Papers are part of The George A. Lucas Collection, purchased with funds from the State of Maryland, Laurence and Stella Bendann Fund, and contributions from individuals, foundations, and corporations throughout the Baltimore community, and are the physical property of the Archives and Manuscripts Collections, Baltimore Museum of Art. Copyright, except in cases where material has passed into the public domain, belongs to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, consult a Library staff member
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bibliographyThe Diary of George A. Lucas, an American Art Agent in Paris, 1857-1909. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1979.
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finding aidIn repository and on the repository's website
acquisition informationGeorge A. Lucas willed his art collection and papers to Henry Walters on his death in 1909. Walters donated the entire collection to The Maryland Institute, College of Art in 1911. The collection was moved to the BMA beginning in 1933 and was finally purchased by the BMA in 1996. In 2005 the letters and ephemera in the collection were transferred from the Prints, Drawings and Photographs Department to the Archives and Manuscripts Collections.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:11

titleDaniel Huntington Study Portrait Collection, ca. 1870-1890
repositoryThe New-York Historical Society
descriptionTwo years after Daniel Huntington's death, his son Charles Richards Huntington (1847-1915) presented the New-York Historical Society with a collection of 141 portrait photographs used by his father "for his study of the subjects painted by him."

Each of the men (and the single woman, Mary McCrea Stuart) in the collection is represented by one or more portrait photographs which had been blown-up to life-size dimensions, sometimes made from a previously existing negative or one made of an earlier photograph. In the case of sitters who died before the advent of paper photography, images were taken from daguerreotypes. The enlargements were mounted on a stiff paperboard and roughly trimmed almost to the shape of the subject's head.

Each of the portraits has the sitter's surname in pencil on the verso; some have a shorthand clue to an occupation, profession, title, or institutional affiliation. These annotations, if contemporary to Huntington or his son, have been transcribed in the box and folder list that follows.

Many of the photographs have a puncture at their top, most likely from the nail Huntington used to tack them up in view of his easel.

The sitters are familiar to students of nineteenth-century New York: they include prominent bankers, merchants, industrialists, educators, financiers, generals, lawyers, judges, politicians, government officials, and men of the cloth.

The photographs are generally not dated. Several note that they were made from daguerreotypes and a few mention particular photographers, or are mounted on the backs of printed boards from photographers' studios.

The images that are dated range from the 1870s (Henry Potter) to the 1890s (Kelly, Gracie, Schurz, and Sheldon). Photographers mentioned are Bogardus (Adams, Arthur) and Sarony (Tilden), with one annotated by Huntington as having been taken in his studio (Sherman). Eight of the portraits are mounted on the verso of stamped boards from the Rockwood Studio (Brown, Gracie, Johnston, Henry Potter, Taft, and Weir) or Kurtz (Dodge Sr. and Hostetter) in New York.

In addition, the portrait of Henry Codman Potter is mounted on the verso of a large photograph of Calvary Baptist Church, on West Twenty-third Street.

Oil portraits of these sitters are now in the New York Chamber of Commerce Collection at the New York State Museum, the Smithsonian Institution, Metropolitan Museum of Art, the American Museum of Natural History, New York Public Library, Harvard University, Vassar College, and West Point Museum, among other institutions.

The New-York Historical Society owns more than twenty portraits painted by Huntington. Other portraits remain in private collections, including those of social clubs, hospitals, corporations, and the families who commissioned them from the artist.

Biographical Note
Daniel Huntington (1814-1906) was educated at Hamilton College. He studied panting with Samuel Morse and Henry Inman in New York City. He primarily painted portraits and landscapes. Huntington was president of the National Academy of Design, and Vice-President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Preferred Citation
This collection should be cited as: Daniel Huntington Study Portrait Photographs, PR 256, Department of Prints, Photogaphs, and Architectural Collections, The New-York Historical Society.

Call Phrase: PR 256
extent0.42 Linear feet (141 photographs, 12 folders)
accessOpen to qualified researchers
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acquisition informationGift of Charles R. Huntington, April 9, 1908.
updated11/12/2014 11:30:14

titleSamuel Putnam Avery Papers, [ca. 1850]-1905
repositoryThe Metropolitan Museum of Art
descriptionCollection includes Avery's diary referring to his travels in Europe, 1871-1882; a scrapbook of samples of his work; and autographs and sketches sent to Avery from such American and European artist friends as Edouard Detaille, Henri Lefort, W.J. Linton, W.H. Vanderbilt, J.G. Vibert, and J.A.M. Whistler. Catalogs and notes of Avery's works and art collections; editorials and resolutions in memory of Avery, 1905; and letters written to Avery's wife upon his death. Copies of children's books containing his illustrations and printed proof sheets of etchings designed by Avery.

Some correspondence is in French
Location and Call Numbers
Watson Library Reference Z42.3A7 M48 v.4 LIB USE ONLY ---
Watson Library Reference Z42.3A7 M48 v.5 LIB USE ONLY ---
Watson Library Reference Z42.3A7 M48 v.6 LIB USE ONLY ---
Watson Library Bookcage MS 06 LIB USE ONLY
Watson Library Bookcage MS 07 LIB USE ONLY ---
Watson Library Bookcage MS 08 LIB USE ONLY ---
Watson Library Bookcage MS 09 LIB USE ONLY ---
Watson Library Bookcage MS 10 LIB USE ONLY
extent2 linear ft
formatsDiaries Scrapbooks Sketches
accessContact repository for restrictions
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updated11/12/2014 11:30:17